Tuesday, October 13, 2015

(Redo 2) John Henke S/R Act 4 Othello

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
  • Explanation of ideas
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Act 4 of Othello, by William Shakespeare, explores the power of words and manipulation. Throughout Act 4 Iago cunningly manipulates Othello, Desdemona, Cassio, and Roderigo, and uses them against each other all the while also deluding them into trusting him.  Iago exercises significant influence over the decisions of the characters in Othello through his subtle manipulation. Shakespeare conveys the ultimate power of words and manipulation in Act 4 of Othello.     
Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Act 4 of Othello, by William Shakespeare, correctly portrays the power revenge wields and how it warps one’s identity because of Othello’s reaction to the affair between Cassio and Desdemona. .  
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up In the beginning of Act 4, Iago convinces Othello of the affair between Desdemona and Cassio. He uses the handkerchief, the first gift Othello presented to Desdemona, and the conversation with Cassio as proof of their intimacy. Subsequently, Othello growls, “Ay, let her [Desdemona] rot and perish and be damned tonight”(Shakespeare 4.1.178-179).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim

He reacts to the adultery with maliciousness and hatred. He has transformed from loving his wife, the one individual he should cherish above all else, to craving her death. Othello not only hungers for Desdemona’s extermination. He wishes to slaughter her personally! Othello’s response validates the supremacy of revenge.   


  • Counterclaim 1: However, Emilia steadfastly defends Desdemona, insisting she is honest, “I durst, my lord, to wager she is honest, Lay down my soul at stake: if you think other” (Shakespeare 4.2.12-13). Emilia vows on her life Desdemona is sincere and she advocates for Desdemona’s honesty. Emilia is Desdemona’s servant, and she had to learn Desdemona's daily schedule because of her servitude. She almost always knows what Desdemona does at a particular time, so Emilia's word holds much influence. If one’s servant validates their matriarch’s loyalty, it will cause many to hesitate in their original decision.  Emilia's oath of faith unquestionable motivates Othello to question and doubt his reprisal.  
    • Set-up
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
At first glance, it could seem like Othello amends his verdict and decides to trust Desdemona again. One cannot deny Emilia’s profession of honesty moved him. However, the situation proves to be more complicated. After considering Emilia’s testimony, Othello persists in his belief of Desdemona’s perfidiousness. After Emilia withdraws, Othello conveys, “This is a subtle whore, a closet, lock and key of villainous secrets” (Shakespeare 4.2.21-22). Othello convinces himself Desdemona remains a whore, and she secretly conceals it from him. Therefore, Othello refuses to deem Desdemona innocent. Othello’s response substantiates the distortion of revenge.. Even the people around him have noticed. Lodovico brings Othello a message from Venice, and when he sees the devil in Othello, Lodovico says, “Is this the noble Moor whom our full senate call all sufficient”(4.1.264-265). Lodovico notices the change in Othello. Othello has mutated from the loving, courteous husband, from always heeding Desdemona’s opinions, to rejecting her promises as a result of a single act of betrayal. Revenge has encompassed Desdemona and Othello’s relationship, mutilated them to something ghastly, and engulfed everyone involved with hatred and hostility.
Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Shakespeare illustrates the omnipotence and perversion of revenge in Act 4 of Othello

Tuesday, October 6, 2015

(Redo) John Henke Othello Act 4 Summary Response

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
  • Explanation of ideas
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Act 4 of Othello, by William Shakespeare, explores the power of words and manipulation. Throughout Act 4 Iago cunningly manipulates Othello, Desdemona, Cassio, and Roderigo, and uses them against each other all the while also deluding them into trusting him.  Iago exercises significant influence over the decisions of the characters in Othello through his subtle manipulation. Shakespeare conveys the ultimate power of words and manipulation in Act 4 of Othello.     
Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Act 4 of Othello, by William Shakespeare, correctly portrays the power revenge wields and how it warps one’s identity because of Othello’s reaction to the affair between Cassio and Desdemona. .  
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up In the beginning of Act 4, Iago convinces Othello of the affair between Desdemona and Cassio. He uses the handkerchief, the first gift Othello presented to Desdemona, and the conversation with Cassio as proof of their intimacy. Subsequently, Othello growls, “Ay, let her [Desdemona] rot and perish and be damned tonight”(Shakespeare 4.1.178-179).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim

He reacts to the adultery with maliciousness and hatred. He has transformed from loving his wife, the one individual he should cherish above all else, to craving her death. Othello not only hungers for Desdemona’s extermination. He wishes to slaughter her personally! Othello’s response validates the supremacy of revenge.   


  • Counterclaim 1: However, Othello rethinks his determination for retribution after speaking with Emilia. Emilia steadfastly defends Desdemona, insisting that she is honest, “I durst, my lord, to wager she is honest, Lay down my soul at stake: if you think other” (Shakespeare 4.2.12-13). Emilia vows on her life that Desdemona is sincere, and she compels Othello to reconsider, “That’s strange” Othello comments (Shakespeare 4.2.11). Othello wonders why Emilia has never seen Cassio and Desdemona together. Emilia’s oath of faith undoubtedly motivates Othello to reevaluate his decision.  
    • Set-up
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
At first glance, it could seem like Othello amends his verdict and decides to trust Desdemona again. One cannot deny that Emilia’s profession of honesty moved him. However, the situation proves to be more complicated. After considering Emilia’s testimony, Othello persists in his belief of Desdemona’s perfidiousness. After Emilia withdraws, Othello conveys, “This is a subtle whore, a closet, lock and key of villainous secrets” (Shakespeare 4.2.21-22). Othello convinces himself that Desdemona remains a whore, and that she secretly conceals it from him. Therefore, Othello refuses to deem Desdemona innocent. Othello’s response substantiates the distortion of revenge.. Even the people around him have noticed. Lodovico brings Othello a message from Venice, and when he sees the devil in Othello, Lodovico says, “Is this the noble Moor whom our full senate call all sufficient”(4.1.264-265). Lodovico notices the change in Othello, and the way revenge has altered him. Othello has mutated from the loving, courteous husband, from always heeding Desdemona’s opinions, to rejecting her promises as a result of a single act of betrayal. If succumbing to revenge merely once can sabotage a marriage, the most powerful relationship, can its power be defined? Revenge encompasses; revenge mutilates; revenge engulfs; revenge devours.  
Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Shakespeare illustrates the omnipotence and perversion of revenge in Act 4 of Othello.

Thursday, October 1, 2015

John Henke Othello Act 4 Summary Response

Summary Response Outline


Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
  • Explanation of ideas
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Act 4 of Othello, by William Shakespeare, explores the power of words and manipulation. Iago finally convinces Othello that Desdemona and Cassio are in an affair. This is merely one example of manipulation. Throughout Act 4 Iago cunningly manipulates Othello, Desdemona, Cassio, and Roderigo, and uses them against each other while also deluding them into trusting him! Iago exercises significant influence over the lives of the characters in Othello. Shakespeare conveys the ultimate power of words and manipulation in Act 4 of Othello.     
Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Act 4 of Othello, by William Shakespeare, correctly portrays the power revenge wields and how it warps one’s identity because of Othello’s reaction to the affair between Cassio and Desdemona. .  
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up In the beginning of Act 4, after Iago has fully convinced Othello of the affair between Desdemona and Cassio by means of the handkerchief, the first gift Othello presented to Desdemona, and by the conversation with Cassio, Othello growls, “Ay, let her [Desdemona] rot and perish and be damned tonight”(Shakespeare 4.1.178-179).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim


Othello’s retaliation to the affair validates the repercussions of vengeance and treachery. He has gone from loving his wife, the one individual he should cherish above all else, to wanting her dead. Not only does he hunger for her death, but Othello wishes to massacre her himself! What does that entail? This one single act of betrayal has motivated him to murder! The power and influence revenge exerts is staggering!  

  • Counterclaim 1: However, Othello rethinks his determination for retribution after speaking with Emilia. Emilia steadfastly defends Desdemona, insisting that she is honest, “I durst, my lord, to wager she is honest, Lay down my soul at stake: if you think other” (Shakespeare 4.2.12-13). Emilia vows on her life that Desdemona is sincere, and she compels Othello to reconsider, “That’s strange” Othello comments (Shakespeare 4.2.11). Othello wonders why Emilia has never seen Cassio and Desdemona together. Emilia’s oath of faith undoubtedly motivates Othello to reevaluate his decision.  
    • Set-up
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
At first glance, it could seem like Othello amends his verdict and decides to trust Desdemona again. It is undeniable that Emilia’s profession of honesty moved him. However, the situation is more complicated than that. After considering Emilia’s testimony, Othello persists in his belief that Desdemona is unfaithful. After Emilia withdraws, Othello conveys, “This is a subtle whore, a closet, lock and key of villainous secrets” (Shakespeare 4.2.21-22). Othello is convincing himself that Desdemona is truly a whore, and that she is concealing it from him. Therefore, Othello refuses to deem Desdemona innocent. Othello’s avowal of revenge has distorted his identity. He has transformed from the loving, courteous husband, from always heeding Desdemona’s opinions, to rejecting her promises because of this one act of betrayal. If succumbing to revenge merely once can sabotage a marriage, which is the most powerful relationship, can its power be defined? Revenge encompasses; revenge mutilates; revenge engulfs; revenge devours.  
Concluding sentence: restate main idea

Shakespeare illustrates the omnipotence and perversion of revenge in Act 4 of Othello.  

Thursday, September 24, 2015

(Redo) John Henke Bully Summary Response

Summary: Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
Bully, directed by Lee Hirsch, exposes the monstrosity bullying has become.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
The entire movie consists of stories of bullying victims, how they have hurt themselves, and even sought suicide over life. Teachers are depicted completely overlooking this bullying, scolding even the victim rather than the actual bully themselves.      

  • Explanation of ideas
For example, teen Tyler Long was pushed to the limit through constant persecution. When he sought help from the teachers in his school, they deemed his issues irrelevant. Tyler’s family knew what was going on, and there was no doubt in their minds that Tyler took his own life.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Bully attacks important points about how everyone should be treated as an equal and how the power of words can completely change a life.

Response: Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Bully, directed by Lee Hirsch, accurately demonstrates the horrors of bullying because Hirsch wants everyone to know they can make a difference.   
  • Claim 1: Hirsch depicts what bullying can do to a person
    • Set-up There are many victims, one being sixteen year old Kelby. Kelby confessed to being gay in a community where homosexuality was taught as a sin. When Kelby confessed to her parents she even told them, "Don't stop loving me"(Hirsch). Only someone who has been abandoned by everyone would ask their parents, the people who should love them the most, to continue their love. She was endlessly persecuted by her classmates and her teachers; the torment seemed to never end.
    • Evidence: Kelby revealed the reason for her endurance was her friends, “My friends were the only ones keeping me from hurting myself” (Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim - Kelby cut herself repeatedly and attempted suicide three times. Her close friends and supporters helped her persevere and they saved her from further harm.   
 
  • Counterclaim 1: However, it seems that Hirsch only portrays the extreme incidents of bullying.
Bully exhibits only the victims that respond rashly and excessively. Many victims will simply ignore the bullying. All students experience bullying at sometime in their education. As one of the school administrators said, “Kids will be kids, boys will be boys, they are just cruel at this age” (Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
Not all bullying cases end in suicide, retaliation, or some other extreme reaction. Countless people who are bullied have no issues with it, and do not take excessive measures. The movie only illustrated people who cut, committed suicide, or were constantly bullied. This corroborates that Hirsch’s ideas are biased,  stereotypical, cliche, and blown out of proportion.   
  • What are the strengths/flaws of this argument? Rebuttal progression
At first glance one could think that bullying is not a significant problem. It is undeniable that not every bullying case ends in tragedy, and one could even insinuate that most bullying incidents are not calamitous. However, suicide is the second leading cause of death in teens, and tenth overall (10 Leading Causes of Death). Anyone can recognize that bullying is a serious problem that should not be overlooked. Furthermore, the collateral damage of bullying victims responses must be acknowledged. The Arapahoe Shooting. Columbine. Countless innocents were destroyed in these massacres. The extent bullying victims are willing to go is staggering.   

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Hirsh’s movie Bully justifies meaningful points about bullying in today’s world and the effects it has on teens and children. Anyone can make a difference in a victim’s life and a person can go from a bystander to a hero just by speaking up. Hirsch’s points in the movie were spot-on and they masterfully validate the repercussions of bullying.


Citations:
Bully. Dir. Lee Hirsch. Perf. Ja'Meya Jackson, Kelby Johnson, Alex Libby, Tyler Long, Ty Smalley. 2011. DVD.

"Top Ten Causes of Death, United States 2010."  United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  United States Government, 2010. Web. 1 Sept. 2015. <http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/pdf/10LCID_All_Deaths_By_Age_Group_2010-a.pdf>.

13, 2014 October. "Kelby Speaks Out on Bullying." PBS. PBS, 13 Oct. 2014. Web. 28 Aug. 2015. <http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/blog/kelby-speaks-bullying>.




(Redo) John Henke and Joe Miserlian Othello Summary Response Act 2

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
  • Explanation of ideas
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea

Act 2 of Shakespeare's play, Othello, construes revenge the power it commands. Iago continues plotting the downfall of Othello by scandalizing Othello’s lieutenant, Cassio. Iago succeeds and Cassio is discharged from his lieutenancy. After Cassio is removed, Iago tells him to approach Desdemona and ask her to beseech Othello to return his position. While that is occurring, Iago goes to inform Othello that Cassio and Desdemona are in an affair. Iago continues scheming his avowal of revenge in Act 2 of Othello.

Response: Othello, by Shakespeare, correctly portrays how revenge can dominate someone’s life because of Iago’s quest for retribution and his hunger for vengeance.
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
  • Claim 1: Iago’s lust for revenge has devoured him.
    • Set-up After Othello arrives in Cyprus, and everyone has left for land except Iago and Roderigo, Iago convinces Roderigo that Cassio and Desdemona are having an affair. He persuades Roderigo that if he wants Desdemona, they have to discredit Cassio. Following Roderigo’s departure, Iago reveals his plot of Othello’s downfall. Iago says to himself that his reason for this dastardly plan is, “to diet my revenge” (Shakespeare 2.1.285), and declares,  “Nothing can, or shall, content my soul till I am evened with him” (Shakespeare 2.1.289-290).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
Iago’s pursuit of retribution has consumed him. If nothing satisfies him, if he will refuse every happiness until Othello is vanquished, he is finished. The man Iago once was is gone, and he was lost the moment Iago chose to diet his revenge over life.  Iago has just confirmed he will go to the ends of the earth to get revenge on Othello. He is engulfed by revenge and refuses to be satisfied until he completes his plan.


  • Counterclaim 1 & Set-up: However, Iago shows Cassio a way to earn back his lieutenant ship.  After Othello fires Cassio, Iago comforts him and creates a plan for him. Because Desdemona is Othello’s wife, she has a lot of influence in his decisions.  Iago believes that Cassio can convince Desdemona to persuade Othello to reinstate Cassio.  Iago explains to him,
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “Confess yourself freely to her [Desdemona], importune her help to put you in your place again” (Shakespeare 2.3.309-310).  Iago tells Cassio that if he shows Desdemona that he cares about her, she will urge Othello to return his rank.  Iago becomes a loyal companion by helping Cassio. Cassio is a great friend of Desdemona, and Desdemona has great influence over Othello’s decision.  If Cassio can convince Desdemona, she will try and influence Othello to restore Cassio’s Lieutenancy. Even though Iago once desired Cassio’s position, he aids Cassio in re-securing his station. Iago shows that he truly wants him to earn the position of lieutenant by affirming Cassio’s plan and continuing to call him lieutenant.  At the end of their conversation, Iago tells Cassio, “You are in the right. Good night Lieutenant”(Shakespeare 2.3.323).  Iago informs Cassio that he is doing the right thing by consulting Desdemona.  Iago supports Cassio’s plan and agrees to help him.  Iago also continues to address Cassio as lieutenant, showing respect to him, and demonstrating his belief that Cassio deserves his rank.


  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? Rebuttal Progression
At first glance one could think Iago supports Cassio. It is easy to understand how someone could interpret Othello in such a way. Iago does indeed give advice to Cassio after his downfall, but it’s more complicated than that. After Cassio goes to follow Iago’s advice, Iago clearly states he sends Cassio to Desdemona not to help him, but to make it seem like Cassio and Desdemona are in an affair, “For whiles this honest fool plies Desdemona to repair his fortunes and she for him pleads strongly to the Moor, I’ll pour this pestilence into his ear: That she repeals him for her body’s lust” (Shakespeare 2.3.343-347).  Anyone could see how Iago craves revenge. Iago not only plans to use Cassio and Desdemona, but his wife as well. Iago remarks in one of his soliloquies, “My wife must move for Cassio to her mistress: I’ll set her on” Shakespeare (2.3.372-373). This validates that Iago’s wife is dirt to him, and it conclusively corroborates how Iago has been devoured by revenge if he continues to use his wife, the one person he should love above all others, in a scheme of retaliation. Othello, by Shakespeare, portrays the severity of revenge as it possess lives and drives one’s vengeful nature.

Thursday, September 17, 2015

Summary Response Act 2 of Othello Joe Miserlian and John Henke



Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
  • Explanation of ideas
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea

Act 2 of Shakespeare's play Othello construes revenge and its power. Iago continues plotting the downfall of Othello by scandalizing Othello’s lieutenant, Cassio. Iago succeeds and Cassio gets discharged from his lieutenancy. Iago continues scheming his avowal of revenge in Act 2 of Othello.

Response: Othello, by Shakespeare, correctly portrays how revenge can dominate someone’s life because of Iago’s quest for retribution and his hunger for vengeance.
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
  • Claim 1: Iago’s lust for revenge has devoured him.
    • Set-up After Othello arrives in Cyprus, and everyone has left for land but Iago and Roderigo, Iago convinces Roderigo that Cassio and Desdemona are having an affair. He persuades Roderigo that if he wants Desdemona, they have to discredit Cassio. Following Roderigo’s departure, Iago reveals his plot of Othello’s downfall. Iago says to himself that his reason for this dastardly plan is, “to diet my revenge” (Shakespeare 2.1.285), and declares,  “Nothing can, or shall, content my soul till I am evened with him” (Shakespeare 2.1.289-290).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
Iago’s pursuit of retribution has consumed him. If nothing satisfies him, if he will refuse every happiness until Othello is vanquished, he is finished. The man Iago once was is gone, and he was lost the moment Iago chose to diet his revenge over life.   


  • Counterclaim 1 & Set-up: However, Iago shows Cassio a way to earn back his lieutenant ship.  After Othello fires Cassio, Iago comforts him and creates a plan for him. Because Desdemona is Othello’s wife, she has a lot of influence in his decisions.  Iago believes that Cassio can convince Desdemona to persuade Othello to return Cassio’s rank.  Iago explains to him,
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “Confess yourself freely to her [Desdemona], importune her help to put you in your place again” (Shakespeare 2.3.309-310).  Iago tells him that if he shows Desdemona that he cares about her, she will urge Othello give back his rank.  Iago becomes a friendly comrade by helping Cassio.  Even though Iago once desired Cassio’s position, he aids Cassio in re-securing his station. At the end of their conversation, Iago still calls Cassio lieutenant, “You are in the right. Good night Lieutenant”(Shakespeare 2.3.323). Iago truly wants Cassio to earn back his job because he thinks Cassio deserves it.

  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? Rebuttal Progression

At first glance one could think Iago supports Cassio. It is easy to understand how someone could interpret Othello in such a way. Iago does indeed give advice to Cassio after his downfall, but it’s more complicated than that. After Cassio goes to follow Iago’s advice, Iago clearly states he sends Cassio to Desdemona not to help him, but to make it seem like Cassio and Desdemona are in an affair, “For whiles this honest fool plies Desdemona to repair his fortunes and she for him pleads strongly to the Moor, I’ll pour this pestilence into his ear: That she repeals him for her body’s lust” (Shakespeare 2.3.343-347).  Anyone could see how Iago craves revenge. Iago not only plans to use Cassio and Desdemona, but his wife as well. “My wife must move for Cassio to her mistress: I’ll set her on” Shakespeare (2.3.372-373). This means Iago’s wife is dirt to him, and it conclusively shows how Iago has been devoured by revenge if he continues to use his wife, the one person he should love above all others, in a scheme of retaliation. Othello, by Shakespeare, portrays the severity of revenge as it possess lives and drives one’s vengeful nature.