Thursday, September 24, 2015

(Redo) John Henke Bully Summary Response

Summary: Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
Bully, directed by Lee Hirsch, exposes the monstrosity bullying has become.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
The entire movie consists of stories of bullying victims, how they have hurt themselves, and even sought suicide over life. Teachers are depicted completely overlooking this bullying, scolding even the victim rather than the actual bully themselves.      

  • Explanation of ideas
For example, teen Tyler Long was pushed to the limit through constant persecution. When he sought help from the teachers in his school, they deemed his issues irrelevant. Tyler’s family knew what was going on, and there was no doubt in their minds that Tyler took his own life.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Bully attacks important points about how everyone should be treated as an equal and how the power of words can completely change a life.

Response: Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Bully, directed by Lee Hirsch, accurately demonstrates the horrors of bullying because Hirsch wants everyone to know they can make a difference.   
  • Claim 1: Hirsch depicts what bullying can do to a person
    • Set-up There are many victims, one being sixteen year old Kelby. Kelby confessed to being gay in a community where homosexuality was taught as a sin. When Kelby confessed to her parents she even told them, "Don't stop loving me"(Hirsch). Only someone who has been abandoned by everyone would ask their parents, the people who should love them the most, to continue their love. She was endlessly persecuted by her classmates and her teachers; the torment seemed to never end.
    • Evidence: Kelby revealed the reason for her endurance was her friends, “My friends were the only ones keeping me from hurting myself” (Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim - Kelby cut herself repeatedly and attempted suicide three times. Her close friends and supporters helped her persevere and they saved her from further harm.   
 
  • Counterclaim 1: However, it seems that Hirsch only portrays the extreme incidents of bullying.
Bully exhibits only the victims that respond rashly and excessively. Many victims will simply ignore the bullying. All students experience bullying at sometime in their education. As one of the school administrators said, “Kids will be kids, boys will be boys, they are just cruel at this age” (Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
Not all bullying cases end in suicide, retaliation, or some other extreme reaction. Countless people who are bullied have no issues with it, and do not take excessive measures. The movie only illustrated people who cut, committed suicide, or were constantly bullied. This corroborates that Hirsch’s ideas are biased,  stereotypical, cliche, and blown out of proportion.   
  • What are the strengths/flaws of this argument? Rebuttal progression
At first glance one could think that bullying is not a significant problem. It is undeniable that not every bullying case ends in tragedy, and one could even insinuate that most bullying incidents are not calamitous. However, suicide is the second leading cause of death in teens, and tenth overall (10 Leading Causes of Death). Anyone can recognize that bullying is a serious problem that should not be overlooked. Furthermore, the collateral damage of bullying victims responses must be acknowledged. The Arapahoe Shooting. Columbine. Countless innocents were destroyed in these massacres. The extent bullying victims are willing to go is staggering.   

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Hirsh’s movie Bully justifies meaningful points about bullying in today’s world and the effects it has on teens and children. Anyone can make a difference in a victim’s life and a person can go from a bystander to a hero just by speaking up. Hirsch’s points in the movie were spot-on and they masterfully validate the repercussions of bullying.


Citations:
Bully. Dir. Lee Hirsch. Perf. Ja'Meya Jackson, Kelby Johnson, Alex Libby, Tyler Long, Ty Smalley. 2011. DVD.

"Top Ten Causes of Death, United States 2010."  United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  United States Government, 2010. Web. 1 Sept. 2015. <http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/pdf/10LCID_All_Deaths_By_Age_Group_2010-a.pdf>.

13, 2014 October. "Kelby Speaks Out on Bullying." PBS. PBS, 13 Oct. 2014. Web. 28 Aug. 2015. <http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/blog/kelby-speaks-bullying>.




(Redo) John Henke and Joe Miserlian Othello Summary Response Act 2

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
  • Explanation of ideas
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea

Act 2 of Shakespeare's play, Othello, construes revenge the power it commands. Iago continues plotting the downfall of Othello by scandalizing Othello’s lieutenant, Cassio. Iago succeeds and Cassio is discharged from his lieutenancy. After Cassio is removed, Iago tells him to approach Desdemona and ask her to beseech Othello to return his position. While that is occurring, Iago goes to inform Othello that Cassio and Desdemona are in an affair. Iago continues scheming his avowal of revenge in Act 2 of Othello.

Response: Othello, by Shakespeare, correctly portrays how revenge can dominate someone’s life because of Iago’s quest for retribution and his hunger for vengeance.
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
  • Claim 1: Iago’s lust for revenge has devoured him.
    • Set-up After Othello arrives in Cyprus, and everyone has left for land except Iago and Roderigo, Iago convinces Roderigo that Cassio and Desdemona are having an affair. He persuades Roderigo that if he wants Desdemona, they have to discredit Cassio. Following Roderigo’s departure, Iago reveals his plot of Othello’s downfall. Iago says to himself that his reason for this dastardly plan is, “to diet my revenge” (Shakespeare 2.1.285), and declares,  “Nothing can, or shall, content my soul till I am evened with him” (Shakespeare 2.1.289-290).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
Iago’s pursuit of retribution has consumed him. If nothing satisfies him, if he will refuse every happiness until Othello is vanquished, he is finished. The man Iago once was is gone, and he was lost the moment Iago chose to diet his revenge over life.  Iago has just confirmed he will go to the ends of the earth to get revenge on Othello. He is engulfed by revenge and refuses to be satisfied until he completes his plan.


  • Counterclaim 1 & Set-up: However, Iago shows Cassio a way to earn back his lieutenant ship.  After Othello fires Cassio, Iago comforts him and creates a plan for him. Because Desdemona is Othello’s wife, she has a lot of influence in his decisions.  Iago believes that Cassio can convince Desdemona to persuade Othello to reinstate Cassio.  Iago explains to him,
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “Confess yourself freely to her [Desdemona], importune her help to put you in your place again” (Shakespeare 2.3.309-310).  Iago tells Cassio that if he shows Desdemona that he cares about her, she will urge Othello to return his rank.  Iago becomes a loyal companion by helping Cassio. Cassio is a great friend of Desdemona, and Desdemona has great influence over Othello’s decision.  If Cassio can convince Desdemona, she will try and influence Othello to restore Cassio’s Lieutenancy. Even though Iago once desired Cassio’s position, he aids Cassio in re-securing his station. Iago shows that he truly wants him to earn the position of lieutenant by affirming Cassio’s plan and continuing to call him lieutenant.  At the end of their conversation, Iago tells Cassio, “You are in the right. Good night Lieutenant”(Shakespeare 2.3.323).  Iago informs Cassio that he is doing the right thing by consulting Desdemona.  Iago supports Cassio’s plan and agrees to help him.  Iago also continues to address Cassio as lieutenant, showing respect to him, and demonstrating his belief that Cassio deserves his rank.


  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? Rebuttal Progression
At first glance one could think Iago supports Cassio. It is easy to understand how someone could interpret Othello in such a way. Iago does indeed give advice to Cassio after his downfall, but it’s more complicated than that. After Cassio goes to follow Iago’s advice, Iago clearly states he sends Cassio to Desdemona not to help him, but to make it seem like Cassio and Desdemona are in an affair, “For whiles this honest fool plies Desdemona to repair his fortunes and she for him pleads strongly to the Moor, I’ll pour this pestilence into his ear: That she repeals him for her body’s lust” (Shakespeare 2.3.343-347).  Anyone could see how Iago craves revenge. Iago not only plans to use Cassio and Desdemona, but his wife as well. Iago remarks in one of his soliloquies, “My wife must move for Cassio to her mistress: I’ll set her on” Shakespeare (2.3.372-373). This validates that Iago’s wife is dirt to him, and it conclusively corroborates how Iago has been devoured by revenge if he continues to use his wife, the one person he should love above all others, in a scheme of retaliation. Othello, by Shakespeare, portrays the severity of revenge as it possess lives and drives one’s vengeful nature.

Thursday, September 17, 2015

Summary Response Act 2 of Othello Joe Miserlian and John Henke



Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
  • Explanation of ideas
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea

Act 2 of Shakespeare's play Othello construes revenge and its power. Iago continues plotting the downfall of Othello by scandalizing Othello’s lieutenant, Cassio. Iago succeeds and Cassio gets discharged from his lieutenancy. Iago continues scheming his avowal of revenge in Act 2 of Othello.

Response: Othello, by Shakespeare, correctly portrays how revenge can dominate someone’s life because of Iago’s quest for retribution and his hunger for vengeance.
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
  • Claim 1: Iago’s lust for revenge has devoured him.
    • Set-up After Othello arrives in Cyprus, and everyone has left for land but Iago and Roderigo, Iago convinces Roderigo that Cassio and Desdemona are having an affair. He persuades Roderigo that if he wants Desdemona, they have to discredit Cassio. Following Roderigo’s departure, Iago reveals his plot of Othello’s downfall. Iago says to himself that his reason for this dastardly plan is, “to diet my revenge” (Shakespeare 2.1.285), and declares,  “Nothing can, or shall, content my soul till I am evened with him” (Shakespeare 2.1.289-290).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
Iago’s pursuit of retribution has consumed him. If nothing satisfies him, if he will refuse every happiness until Othello is vanquished, he is finished. The man Iago once was is gone, and he was lost the moment Iago chose to diet his revenge over life.   


  • Counterclaim 1 & Set-up: However, Iago shows Cassio a way to earn back his lieutenant ship.  After Othello fires Cassio, Iago comforts him and creates a plan for him. Because Desdemona is Othello’s wife, she has a lot of influence in his decisions.  Iago believes that Cassio can convince Desdemona to persuade Othello to return Cassio’s rank.  Iago explains to him,
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “Confess yourself freely to her [Desdemona], importune her help to put you in your place again” (Shakespeare 2.3.309-310).  Iago tells him that if he shows Desdemona that he cares about her, she will urge Othello give back his rank.  Iago becomes a friendly comrade by helping Cassio.  Even though Iago once desired Cassio’s position, he aids Cassio in re-securing his station. At the end of their conversation, Iago still calls Cassio lieutenant, “You are in the right. Good night Lieutenant”(Shakespeare 2.3.323). Iago truly wants Cassio to earn back his job because he thinks Cassio deserves it.

  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? Rebuttal Progression

At first glance one could think Iago supports Cassio. It is easy to understand how someone could interpret Othello in such a way. Iago does indeed give advice to Cassio after his downfall, but it’s more complicated than that. After Cassio goes to follow Iago’s advice, Iago clearly states he sends Cassio to Desdemona not to help him, but to make it seem like Cassio and Desdemona are in an affair, “For whiles this honest fool plies Desdemona to repair his fortunes and she for him pleads strongly to the Moor, I’ll pour this pestilence into his ear: That she repeals him for her body’s lust” (Shakespeare 2.3.343-347).  Anyone could see how Iago craves revenge. Iago not only plans to use Cassio and Desdemona, but his wife as well. “My wife must move for Cassio to her mistress: I’ll set her on” Shakespeare (2.3.372-373). This means Iago’s wife is dirt to him, and it conclusively shows how Iago has been devoured by revenge if he continues to use his wife, the one person he should love above all others, in a scheme of retaliation. Othello, by Shakespeare, portrays the severity of revenge as it possess lives and drives one’s vengeful nature.  

Thursday, September 10, 2015

John Henke and Joe Miserlian Act 1 Othello Summary Response

Summary:
Act 1 of Othello, by William Shakespeare, illustrates manipulation. Throughout the act, the main villain, Iago, consistently manipulates Roderigo, Othello, and Brabantio. He manipulated Brabantio into thinking that Othello kidnapped his daughter, and fooled Othello into believing that Iago is trustworthy, when he repeatedly endeavors to desolate Othello and all he treasures! Act 1 of Othello by Shakespeare introduces the idea of manipulation, and how it can be interpreted.


  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
  • Explanation of ideas
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea

Response: Othello, by William Shakespeare, correctly portrays manipulation through the relationship of Iago and Roderigo, because Iago is secretly influencing Roderigo to achieve an ulterior motive.  
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
  • Claim 1: Manipulation
    • Set-up Iago feigns to help Roderigo, when really he uses him to accomplish his goal.  After manipulating Roderigo, Iago clarifies the situation,
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “Thus, do I ever make my fool my purse” (Shakespeare 1.3.426).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
Iago needs Roderigo to follow Othello to Cyprus.  Iago knows that Roderigo has always loved Desdemona and was very miserable after she married Othello. Iago gains Roderigo’s trust by convincing him that he can win Desdemona’s love using money. Roderigo plans to sell all his land to obtain an overabundance of money. He has no suspicions that Iago is using him.  Now that Iago has manipulated Roderigo into joining his side, he can utilize him for vengeance on Othello.

 quote - act, scene, lines.


  • Counterclaim 1:However, it can be seen that Iago helps Roderigo gain confidence and money.  Iago advises Roderigo on many methods by which he could steal Desdemona from Othello.  Iago tells Roderigo that if he secures a vast amount of money, he is capable of winning her.  Iago instructs him, “Put money in thy purse” (Shakespeare 1.3.382).  Iago supports Roderigo in his quest for Desdemona.  Roderigo is exceptionally wealthy and controls vast sums of land, so Iago recommends he sell his land for money.  Iago also persuades Roderigo out of committing suicide, “No more of drowning, do you hear” (Shakespeare 1.3.421). Roderigo believes that he does not have a chance with Desdemona, so he contemplates whether or not he should continue his life. Iago knows that he can still earn Desdemona’s love so he encourages Roderigo to survive and persevere.  Only someone who truly cares about the life of a friend would comfort in such a way. Iago believes Roderigo still has a chance with Desdemona and agrees to help him.     

  • Set-up
    • Evidence: Lead-in   
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim



  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? Rebuttal
  • Opinion based
  • Evidence based USE QUOTES
  • No personal words
  • Give both sides
  • Reactionary
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Claim, Counterclaim, rebuttal


Rebuttal:

At first glance, it seems Iago tries to help Roderigo because Iago truly cares for his friend.  This seems reasonable because Iago helps Roderigo create a plot to win over Desdemona.  Iago also shows he cares about him by convincing him not to commit suicide.  This makes Iago appear very caring and harmless towards Roderigo. This interpretation is helpful, but it misses an important point. After comforting Roderigo, Iago clearly states he exploits Roderigo for his own profit, “Thus, do I ever make my fool my purse”(Shakespeare 1.3.426).  Iago uses Roderigo to fulfill his desire for revenge on Othello. Iago’s manipulation begins with his using of Roderigo not only to get Desdemona in trouble with her father, but to start the downfall of Othello- the chief focus of Iago’s hatred and malice.  Othello, by Shakespeare validates the omnipotence manipulation and revenge posses, and how these simple feelings can mutilate lives.

Tuesday, September 1, 2015

John Henke & Kendall Jordan Bully Summary Reponse



Summary: Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
Bully directed by Lee Hirsch exposes the monstrosity bullying has become.
  • Supporting ideas prove main ideas
The entire movie consists of stories of bullying victims, how they have hurt themselves, and even sought suicide over life. Teachers are depicted as completely overlooking this bullying, scolding even the victim rather than the actual bully themselves.      

  • Explanation of ideas
For example, teen Tyler Long was pushed to the limit through constant persecution. When he tried to get help from the teachers in his school, they pushed his issues to the side. The family knew what was going on, and there was no doubt in their minds that Tyler took his own life.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Bullying and self harm in today’s world is a huge problem for children and teens. Bully attacks important points about how everyone should be treated as an equal and how the power of words can completely change a life.

Response: Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Bully, directed by Lee Hirsch, accurately demonstrates the horrors of bullying because Hirsch wants everyone to know they can make a difference.   
  • Claim 1: perfectly demonstrates what bullying can do to a person
    • Set-up There are many victims amidst us such as sixteen year old Kelby. Kelby confessed to being gay and suffered under bullying. She was persecuted by her classmates and her teachers; the taunting seemed to never end.
    • Evidence: Kelby recalls “My friends were the only ones keeping me from hurting myself” (Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim - Kelby cut herself and tried to commit suicide three times, but her close friends helped her handle the harassment and they saved her from further harming herself.  
  • Counterclaim 1: However, it seems that Hirsch only portrays the extreme cases in the movie.
    • Evidence: As one of the school administrators said, “Kids will be kids, boys will be boys, they are just cruel at this age” (Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
It is true that not all bullying cases end in suicide, retaliation, or some other extreme reaction. Many people who are bullied in K-12 don’t have a problem and do not take excessive measures. The movie only showed people who cut, committed suicide, or were severely bullied.  
  • What are the strengths/flaws of this argument? Rebuttal progression
At first glance one could think that bullying is not a significant problem. One cannot deny that not every bullying case ends in tragedy. This interpretation is helpful, but it misses an important point. Suicide is the second leading cause of death in teens and tenth overall (10 Leading Causes of Death). Anyone can recognize that bullying is a serious problem that should not be overlooked.  

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Hirsch’s movie Bully justifies meaningful points about bullying in today’s world and the effects it has on teens and children. Anyone can make a difference in a victim’s life and a person can go from a bystander to a hero just by speaking up. Hirsch’s points in the movie were spot-on and they demonstrate the impact bullying has had on youth.


Citations:

Bully. Dir. Lee Hirsch. Perf. Ja'Meya Jackson, Kelby Johnson, Alex Libby, Tyler Long, Ty Smalley. 2011. DVD.

"Top Ten Causes of Death, United States 2010."  United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  United States Government, 2010. Web. 1 Sept. 2015. <http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/pdf/10LCID_All_Deaths_By_Age_Group_2010-a.pdf>.

13, 2014 October. "Kelby Speaks Out on Bullying." PBS. PBS, 13 Oct. 2014. Web. 28 Aug. 2015. <http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/blog/kelby-speaks-bullying>.